Open and standardized technical protocols have enabled Internet innovators to deploy new content and services without needing to seek permission from any gatekeeper, enabling unprecedented growth and innovation. Unfortunately, the future of this “neutral” platform for innovation is uncertain. There is significant risk that broadband providers could exercise control over content and communications on their networks, determining which online services will work smoothly and which will not. Regulatory safeguards are needed to protect against the risk that broadband providers, by favoring some Internet traffic over others, could become gatekeepers and undermine the medium’s openness to independent innovation. At the same time, extensive or burdensome regulation could slow network deployment and interfere with legitimate network management. CDT advocates striking a balance that grants the FCC narrow adjudicative authority to prevent unreasonable discrimination without granting unfettered jurisdiction over the Internet.