Recently, a number of countries have begun experimenting with policies that call on Internet service providers (ISPs) to take action against subscribers believed to be engaging in online copyright infringement. Often called "3 strikes" or "graduated response," this approach generally involves copyright holders notifying ISPs about subscribers who appear to be using their Internet connections to infringe. ISPs would then impose escalating sanctions on those subscribers, starting with a warning and possibly proceeding all the way to suspension or termination of the subscriber's Internet access. Such policies raise serious questions about the appropriate role of ISPs, due process for those subscribers accused of engaging in infringement, and the free speech rights of subscribers whose Internet access may be cut off or restricted.
3 Strikes / Graduated Response