Administration Promotes Internet Freedom in Iran with Smarter Sanctions
U.S. trade sanctions are meant to put economic and political pressure on regimes that are considered rogue or repressive, especially those that are suspected of sponsoring terrorism. Unfortunately, such sanctions can also stifle the important work of the people inside of those countries who are working to resist oppression, reform their governments, or simply communicate with each other and the outside world. That’s why CDT applauds last week’s move by the Obama Administration to issue targeted exceptions to U.S. trade sanctions against Iran in order to foster Iranian citizens’ use of the Internet and other modern communications tools, and why we hope to see this smarter approach to sanctions soon applied to other countries like Syria, Cuba and Sudan.
Specifically, the U.S. Treasury Department last Thursday announced that it was issuing a new "General License”—effective immediately—authorizing export to non-government Iranian consumers a variety of software and hardware products and services, from laptops and mobile phones to VPN and web hosting services to critical software updates and anti-virus programs. The new license, premised on the idea that “the people of Iran should be able to communicate and access information without being subject to reprisals by their government" and aimed at “help[ing] to facilitate the free flow information in Iran and with Iranians”, comes at a critical time. Iran is less than two weeks away from its first presidential election since the highly contested election of 2009 that led to
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We’re especially pleased that news of this license follows on the heels of a similar move by the Canadian government to create new sanctions exemptions “for technologies that protect Iranians online and help them break through the regime’s curtain of propaganda.” Taken together, we hope that these shifts in policy by the U.S. and Canada represent a